Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) is a service provided by the cloud service provider (CSP) where they offer infrastructure i.e. virtualized computing resources that can be accessed over the internet. Thus, it is also called hardware as a service (HaaS).
IaaS let the companies reliant on IT infrastructure to outsource their infrastructure demand such as servers, storage, network, virtual machines on the consumption-based subscription model.
In this section, we will be discussing infrastructure as a service (IaaS) in brief along with its features, benefits and issues associated with this service. We will also explore some of its examples.
Content: Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
- What is Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)?
- Feature of IaaS
- Benefits of IaaS
- Disadvantages of IaaS
- Examples of IaaS
- Key Takeaways
What is Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)?
Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) is one of the three basic services SaaS, PaaS & IaaS provided by the cloud vendors. Prior to the advent of cloud computing, the companies used to build their own infrastructure which they have to maintain and upgrade with the frequently updating technology which comes with the tremendous expense.
Well, as a solution to this, cloud vendor proposes IT infrastructure as a service which offers storage, network, virtual machine, servers to their customer. On outsourcing infrastructure as a service, the customer does not have to indulge in the diligence of purchasing their own infrastructure.
The customer doesn’t even need to panic about the maintenance and updation of the infrastructure, as it is the responsibility of your cloud service provider maintain and update the infrastructure they provide to their customer.
By outsourcing the IaaS, the customer rents the storage, servers, virtual machines and also the networking component using which it can access his leased hardware infrastructure. The customer can operate all his infra resources with the help of a software called a hypervisor. A hypervisor is a special software that enables virtualization by allowing multiple operating systems on a common host system at the same time.
Feature of IaaS
The cloud service provider’s self-implied features include:
- The cloud service providers have their self-owned computer hardware that is scalable.
- The cloud service providers have their self-owned computer network that includes switches routers, load balancers, firewalls etc.
- Internet connectivity which let the IaaS customers access their leased resources.
- Cloud providers also maintain the virtualization to issue client specified virtual machines.
- The cloud service providers have to maintain the service level agreement (SLA) which encloses the negotiation between Iaas vendors and client, that what minimum level of service will be maintained by the cloud service providers.
- Cloud services bills you every month for the services you consumed, just like the other utility company bills their customers.
Benefits of IaaS
Benefits of outsourcing IaaS services from the cloud vendors are as follow:
- Reduces Risk
Outsourcing IaaS reduces the risk of data loss. IaaS vendors mirror your data on multiple servers which increases the redundancy. Even if one server fails your data is not lost.
- Increased Availability and Scalability
IaaS is always available to their customers to manage high service demands. IaaS vendor ensures that the resources are always available to the customer and even the customers can freely scale up the services according to their requirement.
- Geographical Accessibility
The IaaS customer can access their IaaS service from any location in the world over the internet. So the geographical locations is not a limitation in IaaS services.
IaaS allow their customer to scale their resources depending on their business requirement. IaaS service does not bind its customer with a fixed package of services. Customers can customize their own set of services.
- Cost and Time Saving
Outsourcing IaaS services saves the cost and time of the customer. As the customer does not have to indulge in purchasing and setting up of an infrastructure neither he has to worry about maintaining and updating the infrastructure with the latest technology. All this is handled by the IaaS vendor.
- Full Control of Virtual Machine
The customer has full control over the virtual machines. As the customer has to provide the administrative details to operate the virtual machine or in case they have to save data over the cloud storage. Without administrative details, no one can access your resource. So the customers have full control over their leased resources.
Disadvantages of IaaS
Everything comes with its pros and cons there are some issues with the infrastructure as a service. Let us discuss some drawbacks of IaaS.
There is always a security issue of your data in the IaaS environment. The security provided by the IaaS vendor is covered in the service level agreement (SLA). But most IaaS vendor does not assure you of 100% security in the public cloud. You may opt for a private or hybrid cloud for rendering more security.
IaaS services can only be access by its customer over the internet which means the service is dependent on the internet. You must have an internet connection to access your IaaS resources. However, you are also dependent on the third party for your infra resources.
It is hard to switch your IaaS vendor as if you migrate your virtual machine it may create compatibility issues. This might leave you in the vendor lock-in problem.
- Updation and Maintenance
The IaaS vendors are responsible for updating and maintaining the IT infrastructure but it does not perform any updation of software, applications, tools and data system.
- Data Deletion
Whenever a customer ends up his services with the IaaS vendor, the IaaS vendor must ensure that the resources released by the previous customer leave no residue for the next customer who rents the same resource.
Examples of Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
- Google Compute Engine (GCE)
- Amazon Web Services (AWS)
- Microsoft Azure
- Digital Ocean
- IaaS is a cloud service that provides hardware as a service to its customer through virtualization.
- The IaaS vendors offer server, storage, virtualization and networking components in the infrastructure services.
- IaaS customers can access their IaaS services through the internet.
- IaaS customer can scale up and down the IaaS services on a pay-as-you-go basis.
- IaaS vendor is responsible for the updating and maintaining of infrastructure equipment.
So this is how you can rent the IT infra resource for your business from IaaS vendors and focus on your real goal instead of worrying about the infrastructure equipment.